In milder cases, appropriate shoes, a little spacer between the toes and some “cushioning” might alleviate symptoms well enough but will not correct the deformity.
When the deformity is such that it causes increasing pain, one has difficulties finding any kind of comfortable shoes and one has the impression that the deformity is getting worse or even more so the second toe start to change shape and position, surgery has to be considered.
Generally, this means breaking the bone, resetting it and fixing it with metalwork in the desired position. There are many different methods which are successful, whether it is open or minimal invasive. The surgeon’s experience as often is crucial to make sure that the right operation for the right deformity at the right time is performed. Recovery does not vary much amongst different types of operations and one has to wear a stiff-soled post-op shoe for up to 6 weeks. One can always start full weight-bearing from day one and one does not need any crutches. Using modern state of the art technology and implants will provide a safe and full recovery in time.